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Automotive - Industrial - Commercial - Marine

Industrial & Specialty Lubes

Petro-Florida manufactures and distributes various lubricants. Escalator oils, compressor oils, heat transfer oil, refrigeration oil and many more.

Lubricants are classified, first of all, according to their physical state. They are used to reduce friction and wear.
Depending on the load, they perform the following tasks:
• Heat removal;
• Surface protection;
• Current transmission;
• Keeping away from foreign substances;
• Remove particles that cause wear.

By performing these functions, different lubricants behave differently.

Liquid lubricants

These materials can perform the following tasks:
• Heat removal;
• Surface protection;
• Current transmission;
• Remove particles that cause wear.

Liquid lubricants include:
• Fatty oils
• Mineral oils
• Synthetic oils
Fatty oils are not very suitable for lubrication. Although they have a good lubricating effect, they are unstable to low temperatures and are sensitive to oxidants. In technical areas, the undisputed leaders are mineral oils.
In our time, synthetic oils are becoming increasingly important.
Their advantages:
• Increased resistance to oxidation;
• Resistance to low and high temperatures;
• long-term lubrication, lubrication for the entire life of the product.
Anticorrosive materials and separating agents are special products, one of the tasks of which is also lubrication.
Grease lubricants

These materials perform the following tasks:
• Surface protection;
• Current transmission;
• Keeping away from foreign matter.
For grease lubricants are:
• Greases;
• lubricating pastes;
• lubricating waxes.
Lubricating waxes have a highly molecular hydrocarbon base. Preferred areas of their application are boundary and partial lubrication at low speeds. Plastic greases are made on the basis of lubricating oils and have a consistent structure due to the thickener. They can be used both for elastohydrodynamic lubrication, and for boundary lubrication and partial lubrication of parts.
Lubricating pastes have a high content of solid lubricants. They are used for boundary and partial lubrication of parts for moving, transitional or press fit. Grease lubricants are used when, due to insufficient sealing of the gap, the lubricant should not leak and / or when the lubricant must be resistant to liquids. These days, these materials are of great importance, since at their minimum expense, the maximum service life of parts and equipment is ensured.

Solid lubricants

These materials can perform the following tasks:
• Surface protection;
• Materials for tribo systems;
• Lacquers for lubrication.
In addition, they include powdered polymers or metallic materials, as well as minerals, for example, polytetrafluoroethylene, copper, graphite or molybdenum disulphide. They are not suitable for use as powders. Therefore, they are used as additives, which provide protection from both friction and wear.
Solid lubricants are used, as a rule, for dry lubrication. As a result, boundary grease is obtained which, when liquid or grease is included in the materials for tribo systems, can be used for partial lubrication. Solid lubricants are used mainly in those cases where, due to functional features or contamination, liquid or grease lubricants are not an ideal solution to the problem, and the properties of solid lubricants are sufficient to solve it.

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